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Research Proposal Definitions_Montazer2

Page history last edited by jmontazer 4 years, 9 months ago

Affordable Care Act: National healthcare law


Antenatal care: Health care, including screening tests and counseling, provided to women 

during pregnancy. Also referred to as prenatal care. 


Antenatal care coverage: The percentage of women who have given birth who received antenatal care from a skilled attendant at least once during their pregnancy. 


Antiretroviral therapy (ARV): A classification of drugs used to treat HIV. Antiretroviral therapy often consists of a combination of medicines referred to as highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART, which are more effective than any single medication alone.


Birth asphyxia: A condition in which insufficient oxygen is delivered to the fetus during labor and childbirth, leading to risk of stillbirth, neonatal death, or lifelong disability in the surviving infant.


Continuum of care: An approach to maternal, newborn, and child health that includes integrated service delivery for women and children from before pregnancy to delivery, the immediate postnatal period, and childhood. 


Contraception: The intentional prevention of pregnancy or conception through hormones, technologies, sexual practices, or surgical procedures. 


Contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR): The percentage of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. 


Emergency obstetric care (EmOC): Skilled health care to address pregnancy and childbirth- related complications, including access to the blood supplies, antibiotics, and other equipment needed. 


Family planning: The conscious effort of couples or individuals to plan the number of their children and to regulate the spacing and timing of their births through contraception, as well as the treatment of involuntary infertility. 


Fetal Death Rate: The number of fetal deaths (over 500 g) per 1,000 live births.


Hypertension: high blood pressure


Infant Mortality: amount of babies who die per 1,000 births 


Maternal Mortality: amount of mothers who die per 100,000 births 


Neonatal Death Rate- The number of deaths per 1,000 live births occurring at birth or in the first 28 days of life


Prenatal Death Rate- The number of deaths of fetuses more than 500 g and in the first 28 days of life per 1,000 live births.


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